Comparison of Meyer 2004a to Meyer et al. 2001

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Thu Sep 23 14:16:30 GMT 2004
There are 1352 lines in mdd02.txt
There are 1781 lines in meyer_nelson_chien_2001_Cambrian_nonref.txt
There are 8267 words in mdd02.txt
There are 22118 words in meyer_nelson_chien_2001_Cambrian_nonref.txt
Match 1 (1): Reference (000274 .. 000284, of 8267): Subject (013006 .. 013016, of 22118):
the best explanation for the origin of the information necessary to the best explanation for the origin of the information necessary to
Match 2 (1): Reference (000372 .. 000381, of 8267): Subject (013133 .. 013150, of 22118):
and their combination for the origin of biological information Further stand as the best rather than just a plausible explanation for the origin of biological information in the
Match 3 (1): Reference (000415 .. 000430, of 8267): Subject (012863 .. 012877, of 22118):
information theorist Henry Quastler that the creation of new information is habitually associated with conscious activity information theorist Henry Quastler the creation of new information is habitually associated with conscious activity
Match 4 (1): Reference (000441 .. 000454, of 8267): Subject (013006 .. 013016, of 22118):
the best most causally adequate explanation for the origin of the information necessary to the best explanation for the origin of the information necessary to
Match 5 (1): Reference (000502 .. 000511, of 8267): Subject (012934 .. 012947, of 22118):
of naturalistic explanations for the origin of the information necessary of naturalistic explanation for the origin of the genetic information required to make a
Match 6 (1): Reference (000547 .. 000556, of 8267): Subject (013006 .. 013019, of 22118):
the best explanation for the information necessary to the first the best explanation for the origin of the information necessary to build the first
Match 7 (1): Reference (000581 .. 000591, of 8267): Subject (013008 .. 013019, of 22118):
explanation for the origin of the information necessary to the first explanation for the origin of the information necessary to build the first
Match 8 (1): Reference (000635 .. 000645, of 8267): Subject (012971 .. 012981, of 22118):
it seeks to explain the origin of the novel biological form i e selforganization sufficed to explain the origin of biological information
Match 9 (1): Reference (000943 .. 000972, of 8267): Subject (000604 .. 000636, of 22118):
1993 Phyla constitute the highest categories in the animal kingdom with each phylum exhibiting a unique architecture blueprint or structural body plan Familiar examples of basic animal body plans are 3 Phyla constitute the highest biological categories or taxa in the animal kingdom with each phylum exhibiting a unique architecture blueprint or structural body plan Familiar examples of basic animal body plans are
Match 10 (1): Reference (000973 .. 000982, of 8267): Subject (000641 .. 000653, of 22118):
mollusks squids and shellfish arthropods crustaceans insects and trilobites and mollusks squids and shellfish arthropods crustaceans insects and trilobites echinoderms sea star and
Match 11 (1): Reference (001000 .. 001012, of 8267): Subject (001194 .. 001205, of 22118):
the first appearance of invertebrate phyla with mineralized exoskeletons including members of the the appearance of all the invertebrate phyla with mineralized exoskeletons including the
Match 12 (1): Reference (001059 .. 001075, of 8267): Subject (001702 .. 001720, of 22118):
two fish fossils Myllokunmingia fengjiaoa and Haikouichthys ercaicunensis suggesting an earlier appearance for vertebrates than previously thought two small fish fossils Myllokunmingia fengjiaoa and Haikouichthys ercaicunensis suggesting a much earlier appearance for vertebrates than previously thought
Match 13 (1): Reference (001080 .. 001108, of 8267): Subject (000956 .. 000986, of 22118):
To say that the fauna of the Cambrian period appeared in a geologically sudden manner also implies the absence of clear transitional intermediate forms connecting Cambrian animals with simpler To say that the fauna of the Cambrian period appeared in a geologically sudden manner also implies the absence of clear transitional intermediates connecting the complex Cambrian animals with those simpler
Match 14 (1): Reference (001160 .. 001169, of 8267): Subject (000286 .. 000294, of 22118):
the neo Darwinian mechanism of natural selection acting on random the Darwinian mechanism of natural selection acting on random
Match 15 (1): Reference (001160 .. 001170, of 8267): Subject (014308 .. 014316, of 22118):
the neo Darwinian mechanism of natural selection acting on random mutations the mechanism of natural selection acting on random mutations
Match 16 (1): Reference (001560 .. 001574, of 8267): Subject (002152 .. 002166, of 22118):
in the specified complexity or CSI of the biological world For over three billion years in the information content or specified complexity of the biological world For three billion years
Match 17 (1): Reference (001574 .. 001584, of 8267): Subject (002173 .. 002186, of 22118):
years the biological realm included little more than bacteria and algae s history the biological realm included little more than unicellular bacteria and bluegreen algae
Match 18 (1): Reference (001624 .. 001634, of 8267): Subject (002335 .. 002345, of 22118):
and then to a much greater extent the Cambrian explosion 530 and then to a much greater extent the Cambrian explosion 530
Match 19 (1): Reference (001655 .. 001667, of 8267): Subject (002398 .. 002408, of 22118):
the Cambrian animals is to assess the number of new cell types that the Cambrian is to assess the number of cell types that
Match 20 (1): Reference (001718 .. 001731, of 8267): Subject (002427 .. 002440, of 22118):
Functionally more complex animals require more cell types to perform their more diverse functions Functionally more complex animals require more cell types to perform their more diverse functions
Match 21 (1): Reference (001733 .. 001779, of 8267): Subject (002443 .. 002495, of 22118):
cell types require many new and specialized proteins New proteins in turn require new genetic information Thus an increase in the number of cell types implies at minimum a considerable increase in the amount of specified genetic information Molecular biologists have recently estimated that a minimally complex cell type requires many new and specialized proteins New proteins in turn require new genetic information encoded in DNA Thus an increase in the number of cell types implies at a minimum a considerable increase in the amount of specified genetic information For example molecular biologists have recently estimated that a minimally complex
Match 22 (1): Reference (001788 .. 001800, of 8267): Subject (002502 .. 002514, of 22118):
562 kilobase pairs of DNA to produce the proteins necessary to maintain life 562 kilobase pairs of DNA to produce the proteins necessary to maintain life
Match 23 (1): Reference (001815 .. 001831, of 8267): Subject (002516 .. 002532, of 22118):
Yet to build the proteins necessary to sustain a complex arthropod such as a trilobite would require Yet to build the proteins necessary to sustain a complex arthropod such as a trilobite would require
Match 24 (1): Reference (001841 .. 001854, of 8267): Subject (002561 .. 002573, of 22118):
of the modern fruitfly Drosophila melanogaster an arthropod is approximately 120 million base pairs of the fly Drosophila melanogaster an arthropod is approximately 120 million base pairs
Match 25 (1): Reference (001861 .. 001880, of 8267): Subject (002578 .. 002597, of 22118):
Transitions from a single cell to colonies of cells to complex animals represent significant and in principle measurable increases in transitions from a single cell to colonies of cells to complex animals represent significant and in principle measurable increases in
Match 26 (1): Reference (001886 .. 001896, of 8267): Subject (012584 .. 012594, of 22118):
from a single celled organism requires a vast amount of new from a single celled organism requires a vast amount of new
Match 27 (1): Reference (002452 .. 002469, of 8267): Subject (013522 .. 013538, of 22118):
shown that proteins and thus the genes that produce them are indeed highly specified relative to biological function shown that proteins and thus the genes that produce them are highly specified relative to biological function
Match 28 (1): Reference (002577 .. 002586, of 8267): Subject (013592 .. 013607, of 22118):
that multiple as opposed to single amino acid substitutions inevitably a substitute 98 Further multiple as opposed to single amino acid substitutions very quickly result in
Match 29 (1): Reference (002626 .. 002636, of 8267): Subject (013655 .. 013666, of 22118):
and that functional proteins represent highly isolated and improbable arrangements of and that as a consequence individual proteins represent highly improbable arrangements of
Match 30 (1): Reference (002669 .. 002678, of 8267): Subject (014233 .. 014242, of 22118):
Of course neo Darwinists do not envision a completely random Of course neo Darwinists do not envision a completely random
Match 31 (1): Reference (002676 .. 002704, of 8267): Subject (014248 .. 014276, of 22118):
a completely random search through the space of possible nucleotide sequences They see natural selection acting to preserve small advantageous variations in genetic sequences and their corresponding protein products a random search through the space of combinatorially possible nucleotide sequences They see natural selection acting to preserve small advantageous variations in genetic sequences and their corresponding protein products
Match 32 (1): Reference (002705 .. 002716, of 8267): Subject (013245 .. 013255, of 22118):
Richard Dawkins 1996 for example likens an organism to a high mountain Richard Dawkins for example likens an organism to a high mountain
Match 33 (1): Reference (002705 .. 002743, of 8267): Subject (013245 .. 013287, of 22118):
Richard Dawkins 1996 for example likens an organism to a high mountain peak He compares climbing the sheer precipice up the front side of the mountain to building a new organism by chance He acknowledges that this approach up Richard Dawkins for example likens an organism to a high mountain peek He compares the task of climbing the sheer precipice up the front side of the mountain to that of building a new organism by chance He acknowledges that this approach up
Match 34 (1): Reference (002745 .. 002776, of 8267): Subject (013289 .. 013321, of 22118):
Improbable will not succeed Nevertheless he suggests that there is a gradual slope up the backside of the mountain that could be climbed in small incremental steps In his analogy the backside Improbable will not succeed Yet he suggests that there is a gradual slope up the back side of the mountain that could be climbed in small incremental steps In his analogy the back
Match 35 (1): Reference (002780 .. 002820, of 8267): Subject (013325 .. 013369, of 22118):
Improbable corresponds to the process of natural selection acting on random changes in the genetic text What chance alone cannot accomplish blindly or in one leap selection acting on mutations can accomplish through the cumulative effect of many slight successive steps Improbable corresponds to the process of natural selection acting on random changes in the genetic text What chance alone cannot accomplish blindly or in one leap natural selection acting on random variations and mutations can accomplish through the cumulative effect of many slight successive steps
Match 36 (1): Reference (002821 .. 002851, of 8267): Subject (014277 .. 014307, of 22118):
Yet the extreme specificity and complexity of proteins presents a difficulty not only for the chance origin of specified biological information i e for random mutations acting alone but also for Yet the extreme specificity and complexity of proteins presents a difficulty not only for the chance origin of specified biological information i e for random mutations act alone but also for
Match 37 (1): Reference (003142 .. 003157, of 8267): Subject (014026 .. 014042, of 22118):
the probability of attaining at random the correct sequencing for a short protein 100 amino acids the probability of attaining the correct sequencing at random for a single short protein 100 amino acids
Match 38 (1): Reference (003213 .. 003229, of 8267): Subject (014116 .. 014132, of 22118):
specialized functions Susumu Ohno 1996 has noted that Cambrian animals would have required complex proteins such as specialized functions Susumu Ohno has noted that many Cambrian animals would have required complex proteins such as
Match 39 (1): Reference (003272 .. 003288, of 8267): Subject (014179 .. 014195, of 22118):
molecules suggests that the probability of producing functionally sequenced proteins of this length at random is far s work suggest that the probability of producing functionally sequenced proteins of this length at random far
Match 40 (1): Reference (003377 .. 003401, of 8267): Subject (003473 .. 003498, of 22118):
the duration of the explosion As Susumo Ohno has explained Assuming a spontaneous mutation rate to be a generous 10 per base pair per year the duration of the explosion As Susumo Ohno has explained Assuming a spontaneous mutation rate to be a generous 10 9 per base pair per year
Match 41 (1): Reference (003411 .. 003437, of 8267): Subject (003517 .. 003543, of 22118):
change in DNA base sequences It follows that 6 10 million years in the evolutionary time scale is but a blink of an eye The Cambrian explosion change in DNA base sequences It follows that 6 10 million year in the evolutionary time scale is but a blink of an eye The Cambrian explosion
Match 42 (1): Reference (003438 .. 003458, of 8267): Subject (003559 .. 003579, of 22118):
within the time span of 6 10 million years can t possibly be explained by mutational divergence of individual gene functions within the time span of 6 10 million years can t possibly be explained by mutational divergence of individual gene functions
Match 43 (1): Reference (003561 .. 003595, of 8267): Subject (017228 .. 017262, of 22118):
natural selection cannot contribute to the process of information generation until after the information necessary to build the requisite system of proteins has arisen Thus random variations must again do the work of information generation natural selection cannot contribute to the process of information generation until after the information necessary to build the requisite proteins has arisen Thus random variations alone must again do the creative work of information generation
Match 44 (1): Reference (003642 .. 003656, of 8267): Subject (013807 .. 013821, of 22118):
we can accept a certain amount of luck in our explanations but not too much we can accept a certain amount of luck in our explanations but not too much
Match 45 (1): Reference (003746 .. 003757, of 8267): Subject (012911 .. 012921, of 22118):
implausibility of any scenario for the origin of Cambrian genetic information that s previous discussion of the origin of genetic information in a
Match 46 (1): Reference (003782 .. 003791, of 8267): Subject (014541 .. 014553, of 22118):
Adaptive advantage accrues after the generation of new functional genes adaptive advantage accrues only after the generation of functional proteins and the genes
Match 47 (1): Reference (003782 .. 003793, of 8267): Subject (014541 .. 014550, of 22118):
Adaptive advantage accrues after the generation of new functional genes and proteins adaptive advantage accrues only after the generation of functional proteins
Match 48 (1): Reference (003934 .. 003952, of 8267): Subject (015009 .. 015022, of 22118):
Yet to turn one protein into another with a completely novel structure and function requires specified changes at many Yet to turn one protein into another with a completely novel function requires many
Match 49 (1): Reference (004232 .. 004255, of 8267): Subject (014420 .. 014446, of 22118):
natural selection favors only functional advantage It cannot select or favor nucleotide sequences or polypeptide chains that do not yet perform biological functions and Natural selection only favors functional advantage It cannot select or favor nucleotide sequences or polypeptide chains that do not yet perform biological functions Yet evolving genes and
Match 50 (1): Reference (004274 .. 004290, of 8267): Subject (014449 .. 014470, of 22118):
inevitably range through a series of nonfunctional intermediate sequences that natural selection will not favor or preserve in all probability range through a series of nonfunctional precursors or intermediate sequences that natural selection will not detect see or preserve
Match 51 (1): Reference (004384 .. 004393, of 8267): Subject (017212 .. 017222, of 22118):
function must arise first before natural selection can act to function must by definition arise before natural selection can act to
Match 52 (1): Reference (004485 .. 004496, of 8267): Subject (017912 .. 017922, of 22118):
explain the origin of the Cambrian animals one must account not only explain the origin of the Cambrian animals one must not only
Match 53 (1): Reference (004522 .. 004531, of 8267): Subject (018025 .. 018033, of 22118):
understanding of how body plans are built during ontogeny In understanding how body plans are built during ontogeny In
Match 54 (1): Reference (004546 .. 004568, of 8267): Subject (018103 .. 018129, of 22118):
change in organisms requires attention to timing Mutations in genes that are expressed late in the development of an organism will not affect changes in the form of organisms requires an attention to timing Mutations in genetic material that are expressed late in the development of an organism will affect
Match 55 (1): Reference (004587 .. 004597, of 8267): Subject (018182 .. 018194, of 22118):
Thus events expressed early in the development of organisms have the Thus events that are expressed early in the development of organisms have the
Match 56 (1): Reference (004597 .. 004606, of 8267): Subject (018198 .. 018207, of 22118):
the only realistic chance of producing large scale macroevolutionary change the only realistic chance of producing large scale macroevolutionary change
Match 57 (1): Reference (004609 .. 004622, of 8267): Subject (018209 .. 018221, of 22118):
As John and Miklos explain 11 macroevolutionary change requires changes in very early embryogenesis As Miklos and John explain macroevolutionary change requires changes in very early embryogenesis
Match 58 (1): Reference (004626 .. 004646, of 8267): Subject (018228 .. 018249, of 22118):
recent studies in developmental biology make clear that mutations expressed early in development typically have deleterious or at best neutral effects recent studies in developmental biology make clear mutations that are expressed early in development have inevitably deleterious or at best neutral effects
Match 59 (1): Reference (004650 .. 004692, of 8267): Subject (018251 .. 018294, of 22118):
including mutations in crucially important 11 master regulator or hox genes For example when early acting body plan molecules or morphogens such as bicoid which helps to set up the anterior posterior head to tail axis in Drosophila are perturbed development shuts down including mutations in the crucially important master regulator or hox genes For example when early acting body plan molecules or morphogens such as bicoid which helps set up the anterior posterior head to tail axis in the fly Drosophila are perturbed development shuts down
Match 60 (1): Reference (004702 .. 004728, of 8267): Subject (018296 .. 018322, of 22118):
The resulting embryos die Moreover there is a good reason for this If an engineer modifies the length of the piston rods in an internal combustion engine The resulting embryos die Moreover there is a good reason for this If an engineer modifies the length of the piston rods in an internal combustion engine
Match 61 (1): Reference (004730 .. 004746, of 8267): Subject (018326 .. 018345, of 22118):
modifying the crankshaft accordingly the engine won t start Similarly processes of development are tightly integrated spatially modify the crankshaft accordingly the engine won t start Similarly processes of development are so tightly integrated temporally and spatially
Match 62 (1): Reference (004730 .. 004748, of 8267): Subject (018326 .. 018343, of 22118):
modifying the crankshaft accordingly the engine won t start Similarly processes of development are tightly integrated spatially and temporally modify the crankshaft accordingly the engine won t start Similarly processes of development are so tightly integrated temporally
Match 63 (1): Reference (004753 .. 004773, of 8267): Subject (018346 .. 018367, of 22118):
that changes early in development will require a host of other coordinated changes in separate but functionally interrelated developmental processes downstream that one change early in development will require a host of other coordinated changes in separate but functionally interrelated developmental processes downstream
Match 64 (1): Reference (004829 .. 004841, of 8267): Subject (018587 .. 018602, of 22118):
within natural populations affect only minor aspects of form and function while genes within natural populations seem to affect only minor aspects of form and function while those genes
Match 65 (1): Reference (004843 .. 004910, of 8267): Subject (018604 .. 018671, of 22118):
govern major changes the very stuff of macroevolution apparently do not vary or vary only to the detriment of the organism As he puts it those genetic loci that are obviously variable within natural populations do not seem to lie at the basis of many major adaptive changes while those loci that seemingly do constitute the foundation of many if not most major adaptive changes are not variable govern major changes the very stuff of macroevolution apparently do not vary or vary only to the detriment of the organism As he puts it those genetic loci that are obviously variable within natural populations do not seem to lie at the basis of many major adaptive changes while those loci that seemingly do constitute the foundation of many if not most major adaptive changes are not variable
Match 66 (1): Reference (004921 .. 004935, of 8267): Subject (018705 .. 018720, of 22118):
doesn t need namely viable genetic mutations in DNA expressed late in development do occur doesn t need namely viable genetic mutations in DNA generally expressed late in development do occur
Match 67 (1): Reference (004941 .. 004952, of 8267): Subject (018685 .. 018701, of 22118):
need namely beneficial Bauplan mutations expressed early in development don t occur needs namely beneficial regulatory or bauplane mutations that are generally expressed during early development don t occur
Match 68 (1): Reference (004953 .. 004966, of 8267): Subject (018726 .. 018741, of 22118):
Darwin wrote that nothing can be effected by natural selection unless favorable variations occur Darwin himself saw and wrote nothing can be effected by natural selection unless favorable variations occur
Match 69 (1): Reference (004993 .. 005018, of 8267): Subject (018856 .. 018888, of 22118):
Developmental biology has raised another formidable problem for the mutation selection mechanism Embryological evidence has long shown that DNA does not wholly determine morphological form Goodwin Developmental biology has also raised another equally formidable problem for the neo Darwinian mutation selection mechanism Embryological evidence has long shown that DNA does not wholly determine morphological form 145 Therefore mutations in
Match 70 (1): Reference (005048 .. 005068, of 8267): Subject (018916 .. 018936, of 22118):
directs protein synthesis It also helps to regulate the timing and expression of the synthesis of various proteins within cells Nevertheless directs protein synthesis It also helps to regulate the timing and expression of the synthesis of various proteins within cells Nevertheless
Match 71 (1): Reference (005071 .. 005080, of 8267): Subject (018938 .. 018950, of 22118):
does not determine how individual proteins assemble themselves into larger does not on its own determine how individual proteins assemble themselves into larger
Match 72 (1): Reference (005102 .. 005123, of 8267): Subject (019018 .. 019043, of 22118):
Instead other factors such as the structure and organization of the cell membrane and cytoskeleton play important roles in determining developmental pathways Instead other non genetic factors such as the structure and organization of the cell membrane and cytoskeleton play important roles in determining cellular organization developmental pathways
Match 73 (1): Reference (005131 .. 005175, of 8267): Subject (019044 .. 019089, of 22118):
For example the shape and location of microtubules in the cytoskeleton influence the patterning of embryos Arrays of microtubules help to distribute the essential proteins used during development to their correct locations in the cell Of course microtubules themselves are made of many protein subunits For example the shape and location of microtubules in the cytoskeleton influence the so called patterning of embryos Arrays of microtubules help distribute essential proteins used during development to their correct location in the cell 146 Of course microtubules themselves are made of many protein subunits
Match 74 (1): Reference (005176 .. 005219, of 8267): Subject (019095 .. 019138, of 22118):
Nevertheless the protein subunits in the cell s microtubules are identical to one another Neither they nor the genes that produce them account for the different shapes and locations of microtubule arrays that distinguish different kinds of embryos and developmental pathways As Jonathan Wells Nevertheless the protein subunits in the cell s microtubules are identical to one another Neither they nor the genes that produce them account for the different shapes and locations of microtubule arrays that distinguish different kinds of embryos and development pathways As Jonathan Wells
Match 75 (1): Reference (005222 .. 005247, of 8267): Subject (019142 .. 019167, of 22118):
matters in development is the shape and location of microtubule arrays and the shape and location of a microtubule array is not determined by its units matters in development is the shape and location of microtubule arrays and the shape and location of a microtubule array is not determined by its units
Match 76 (1): Reference (005258 .. 005309, of 8267): Subject (019173 .. 019229, of 22118):
At a building site builders will make use of many materials lumber wires nails drywall piping and windows Yet building materials do not determine the floor plan of the house or the arrangement of houses in a neighborhood Similarly electronic circuits are composed of many components such as resistors Capacitors and transistors At a building site builders will make use of many materials lumber wires nails dry wall piping and window panes Yet these building materials do not determine the floor plan of the house or the arrangement of houses in a neighborhood or subdivision Similarly electronic circuits are composed of many components such as resistors capacitors and transistors
Match 77 (1): Reference (005312 .. 005347, of 8267): Subject (019234 .. 019268, of 22118):
lower level components do not determine their own arrangement in an integrated circuit Biological systems also depend on hierarchical arrangements of parts Genes and proteins are made from simple building blocks nucleotide bases and amino acids lower level components do not determine their arrangement on an integrated circuit Biological systems also depend upon hierarchical arrangements of parts Genes and proteins are made from simple building blocks nucleotide bases and amino acids
Match 78 (1): Reference (005401 .. 005428, of 8267): Subject (019313 .. 019345, of 22118):
do not determine the organization of these higher level structures and organizational patterns It follows therefore that the genetic information that codes for proteins does not determine these do not determine the organization of these higher level structures and organizational patterns 148 It follows therefore that the information on the DNA that codes for proteins does not determine them either These
Match 79 (1): Reference (005437 .. 005459, of 8267): Subject (019355 .. 019377, of 22118):
challenge to the sufficiency of the neo Darwinian mechanism Neo Darwinism seeks to explain the origin of new information form and structure as challenge to the sufficiency of the neo Darwinian mechanism Neo Darwinism seeks to explain the origin of new information form and structure as
Match 80 (1): Reference (005437 .. 005463, of 8267): Subject (019355 .. 019382, of 22118):
challenge to the sufficiency of the neo Darwinian mechanism Neo Darwinism seeks to explain the origin of new information form and structure as a result of selection challenge to the sufficiency of the neo Darwinian mechanism Neo Darwinism seeks to explain the origin of new information form and structure as the result of the selection
Match 81 (1): Reference (005465 .. 005509, of 8267): Subject (019382 .. 019425, of 22118):
on randomly arising variation at a very low level within the biological hierarchy namely within the genetic text Yet major morphological innovations depend on a specificity of arrangement at a much higher level of the organizational hierarchy a level that DNA alone does not determine selection of randomly arising variation at a very low level within the biological hierarchy namely within the genetic text Yet major morphological innovations depend upon a specificity of arrangement at a much higher level of the organizational hierarchy that DNA alone does not determine
Match 82 (1): Reference (005542 .. 005551, of 8267): Subject (013108 .. 013124, of 22118):
the mechanism of natural selection acting on random mutations in the neo Darwinian mechanism of natural selection acting on random variation does play a significant role in
Match 83 (1): Reference (005580 .. 005589, of 8267): Subject (012971 .. 012981, of 22118):
naturalistic model for explaining the origin of novel biological form i e selforganization sufficed to explain the origin of biological information
Match 84 (1): Reference (006516 .. 006525, of 8267): Subject (018193 .. 018207, of 22118):
have a realistic chance of producing large scale evolutionary change have the greatest and probably the only realistic chance of producing large scale macroevolutionary change
Match 85 (1): Reference (006587 .. 006604, of 8267): Subject (000029 .. 000047, of 22118):
Darwinists such as Francisco Ayala Richard Dawkins and Richard Lewontin acknowledge that organisms appear to have been designed Darwinists such as Francisco Ayala Richard Dawkins and Richard Lewontin acknowledge that biological organisms appear to have been designed
Match 86 (1): Reference (006634 .. 006648, of 8267): Subject (000060 .. 000075, of 22118):
that what Ayala calls the obvious design of living things is only apparent As Ayala that what Francisco Ayala calls the obvious design of living things is only apparent As Ayala
Match 87 (1): Reference (006649 .. 006704, of 8267): Subject (000088 .. 000146, of 22118):
explains The functional design of organisms and their features would therefore seem to argue for the existence of a designer It was Darwin s greatest accomplishment to show that the directive organization of living beings can be explained as the result of a natural process natural selection without any need to resort to an external agent explained The functional design of organisms and their features would therefore seem to argue for the existence of a designer It was Darwin s greatest accomplishment to show that the directive organization of living beings can be explained as the result of a natural process natural selection without any need to resort to a Creator or other external agent
Match 88 (1): Reference (006782 .. 006791, of 8267): Subject (000303 .. 000315, of 22118):
such as cyclical variations in the size of Galapagos finch such as cyclical variations in the size of the beaks of Galapagos finches
Match 89 (1): Reference (007331 .. 007346, of 8267): Subject (012861 .. 012877, of 22118):
To quote Henry Quastler again the creation of new information is habitually associated with conscious activity To quote information theorist Henry Quastler the creation of new information is habitually associated with conscious activity
Match 90 (1): Reference (007600 .. 007618, of 8267): Subject (014675 .. 014692, of 22118):
by the illicit expedient of providing the computer with a target sequence and then treating relatively greater proximity to by the illicit expedient of providing the computer with a target sequence and treating relatively greater proximity to
Match 91 (1): Reference (007661 .. 007679, of 8267): Subject (014722 .. 014747, of 22118):
in nature In biology where differential survival depends upon maintaining function selection cannot occur before new functional sequencing arises Methinks it is like a weasel 110 In biology however where differential survival depends upon maintaining function selection can not occur before new functional sequencing arises
Match 92 (1): Reference (007882 .. 007955, of 8267): Subject (019450 .. 019527, of 22118):
the highly specified hierarchical arrangements of parts in animal body plans also bespeak design At every level of the biological hierarchy organisms require specified and highly improbable arrangements of lower level constituents in order to maintain their form and function Genes require specified arrangements of nucleotide bases proteins require specified arrangements of amino acids new cell types require specified arrangements of systems of proteins body plans require specialized arrangements of cell types and organs the hierarchical and information rich arrangements of parts in animal body plans bespeak design At every level of the biological hierarchy organisms require a specified and highly improbable arrangements of lower lever constituents in order to maintain their form and function Genes require specified arrangements of nucleotide bases proteins require specified arrangements of amino acids new cell types and organs require specified arrangements or systems of proteins and body plans require specialized arrangements of cell types and organs
Match 93 (1): Reference (007943 .. 007979, of 8267): Subject (019514 .. 019551, of 22118):
systems of proteins body plans require specialized arrangements of cell types and organs Not only do organisms contain information rich components such as proteins and genes they also comprise informationrich arrangements of those components and the systems systems of proteins and body plans require specialized arrangements of cell types and organs Organisms not only contain information rich components such as proteins and genes but they comprise information rich arrangements of these components and the subsystems
Match 94 (1): Reference (008007 .. 008032, of 8267): Subject (019590 .. 019612, of 22118):
information rich hierarchies in which both individual modules and the arrangements of those modules exhibit complexity and specificity information so defined Individual transistors resistors and capacitors information rich hierarchies in which both individual modules and the arrangement of those modules exhibit complexity and specificity Individual transistors resistors and capacitors
Match 95 (1): Reference (008033 .. 008048, of 8267): Subject (019617 .. 019633, of 22118):
exhibit considerable complexity and specificity of design at a higher level of organization their specific arrangement exhibit considerable complexity and specificity of design Yet at a higher level of organization the specific arrangement
Match 96 (1): Reference (008092 .. 008105, of 8267): Subject (019680 .. 019691, of 22118):
Further we know of no other causal entity or process that has this capacity Further we know of no other causal entity that has this capacity
Match 97 (1): Reference (008164 .. 008179, of 8267): Subject (019703 .. 019717, of 22118):
mechanisms Thus based on our experience and analysis of the causal powers of various explanatory entities mechanism does Thus based upon our present experience of the causal powers of various entities
Match 98 (1): Reference (008182 .. 008195, of 8267): Subject (012246 .. 012256, of 22118):
infer Intelligent Design as the best most causally adequate explanation for the origin of infers intelligent design as the best explanation for the origin of
Match 99 (1): Reference (008186 .. 008199, of 8267): Subject (013006 .. 013014, of 22118):
the best most causally adequate explanation for the origin of the complex specified information the best explanation for the origin of the information
Match 100 (1): Reference (008191 .. 008202, of 8267): Subject (013163 .. 013172, of 22118):
explanation for the origin of the complex specified information required to build explanation for the origin of the information required to build
Run Lengths: 
0001 : 43660
0010 : 16
0011 : 9
0012 : 6
0013 : 4
0014 : 8
0015 : 4
0016 : 5
0017 : 6
0018 : 2
0019 : 4
0020 : 1
0021 : 4
0022 : 1
0023 : 2
0024 : 1
0025 : 1
0026 : 3
0027 : 3
0028 : 1
0029 : 2
0030 : 1
0031 : 1
0032 : 1
0035 : 1
0036 : 1
0037 : 1
0039 : 1
0041 : 1
0043 : 1
0044 : 1
0045 : 2
0047 : 1
0052 : 1
0056 : 1
0068 : 1
0074 : 1

Runmin=10, Wordskip=4, Anchormin=6, Smallword=4, Wordratio=0.75

About 1961 words out of 8268 words (24 %) in mdd02.txt are due to meyer_nelson_chien_2001_Cambrian_nonref.txt
mdd02.txt,8268,meyer_nelson_chien_2001_Cambrian_nonref.txt,22119,100,1961,24
Thu Sep 23 14:17:22 GMT 2004
Processing time: 52 seconds.